Wind instruments classes

During their schooling, students participate in public performances organized by the Music College, as well as at the county, state and international competitions.

Wind instruments are musical instruments that produce sound through air vibration. The vibration level is determined by the length of the pipe, by the manual variations and the effective length of the vibration air pillar.

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Wind instruments are the music instruments that contain some type of resonator, in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing in the mouthpiece, set at or near the resonator. Our wind instruments department is one of the largest departments of our college and a waste number of students want to play flute, clarinet, trumpet or saxophone.

Trumpet The trumpet, one of the oldest instruments, belongs to the family of brass instruments. Through its long history the trumpet has been developed into an instrument that has found its place in serious, classical and entertaining music. The trumpet is used in professional symphony orchestras, amateur wind instruments orchestras, smaller chamber ensembles, bands and as a solo instrument. By mastering the proper technique of playing the trumpet, it becomes an instrument capable of performing virtuous pieces of various character, with a wide range of dynamics and specific brilliant sound.

Clarinet Clarinet is a woodwind instrument found in the symphony orchestra along with other woodwind instruments: flute, oboe and bassoon. At the top of the instrument there is a mouthpiece with a fixed reed that vibrates under the current of the air and thus creates a tone (similar to "playing" on the grass root). The clarinet, except for its black color, is easily recognizable by the bell-shaped extension in the lower end of the instrument. It was invented around 1690 by Johann Christopher Denner, who perfected the instrument Chalumeau (shalmo). Clarinet is an instrument of wide range of tones (from low E to C4). Its lower tones sound dark and rounded, the middle register is warm and gentle, and in the tall register it is as sharp as an opera soprano. This versatility of clarinet quickly ensured its place in the symphonic and operatic orchestra in the 18th century, and shortly thereafter it was also used as a solo instrument, so today we have many music pieces written for clarinet. The most famous of them is the Concert for the Clarinet and Orchestra of the great W. A. Mozart, who in one of his letters writes to his father: "If at least we had more clarinets in our orchestras!" Mozart's enthusiasm for clarinet was later shared by the composers of romanticism who dedicated many solo and chamber pieces in the 19th century to this instrument. Clarinet was further technically developed, which is mostly the contribution of the clarinetists and composers of the Paris School, who wrote many textbooks and works for clarinet.

In the first half of the 20th century, with the appearance of jazz, the clarinet gains a new role in the history of music. Clarinet as an instrument of different tonal and excellent technical capabilities becomes dominant in small jazz ensembles and big bands, especially because of the musicians – clarinetists, among whom is certainly the best-known Benny Goodman, about whom the movie was made! Clarinet is also found in folk music; it is imperative for the folklore of the Alpine countries (e.g. "polka" dance) and in Jewish (Klezmer) and Romani people folklore.

In our music school it is possible to finish elementary music school program (lasts for 6 years) and afterwards secondary music school clarinet program (lasts for 4 years). The student must first pass a short admission exam (examination of hearing and rhythm) after which the candidate can be admitted to the first class of clarinet program. The instrument can be rented at our college, and at the individual lessons the techniques and tones of clarinet are learned (twice a week for 30 minutes for the first three grades and twice a week for 45 minutes for the other three grades of elementary music school) and then the first simple pieces are mastered as an introduction to classical music. The clarinet students present their acquired skills playing with piano accompaniment on frequent school concerts, public performances and parental meetings organized by the College. In addition to clarinet classes, it is also obligatory to attend solfeggio classes twice a week, where the basics of music theory are taught.

At the Zlatko Baloković Music College, the clarinet is taught at Ivanićgradska and Travno locations in the class of professor Franjo Stojaković and at the location Zaprešić in the class of professor Abdul-Aziz Husein.

Saxophone Saxophone (abbreviated "sax") is a metal musical instrument, but it is included among woodwind instruments because of its mechanics (the conical tube and technique are similar oboe) and the factor that produces a tone (an oscillating tongue reed similar to the clarinet). It consists of reed, mouthpiece, tube and the body of the instrument itself.

Saxophone was invented in 1840 by Antoine Joseph Sax, a well-known maker of brass instruments, who introduced it in 1846 as a patent of 7 instruments (sopranino, soprano, alt, tenor, baritone, bass and double bass). Saxophone is one of the few instruments named for its inventor. Initially it was used only in military orchestras, mostly in France, Belgium, England and the USA. Symphony orchestras used it quite rarely, mainly for performing solo parts. Great musicians like Hector Berlioz, Gioachino Rossini and Richard Strauss have noticed the sound capabilities of this new instrument and started using it in their music pieces.

Saxophone gained its glory in the late 20s when its application and affirmation was found in jazz music. During that time, more than 100,000 saxophones were produced in America, and by the end of the decade a million and a half Americans play it. It is one of the most frequently used and most preferred instruments around the world, synonymous for the 20th century jazz music. Today sax often appears in rock and pop music as in jazz.

Flute The flute is a musical instrument that belongs to the family of woodwind instruments and is also the oldest instrument in that group. It existed in prehistoric times. The earliest flutes were made of bones, bamboo or clay. The father of the contemporary flute is Theobald Böhm, who in 1847 invented a flute as we know it is today.

Nowadays, flutes are made of metal, silver, gold, glass, platinum. It is 67cm long, it consists of 3 parts and is played with 9 fingers. On the flute it is possible to perform everything from classical to rock music. At our department the children have the opportunity to get to know the flute as a soloist and as a chamber music player and to enrich their music knowledge, understand and see music in a different way.