The accordion department at our college is one of the largest accordion departments in the Republic of Croatia with six regular employees – professors of accordion.
Accordion is a widespread instrument used in various types of music.
Accordion lessons take place in accordance with the curriculum, with the regular six grades of the primary music school. In addition to individual accordion lessons, students also attend solfeggio lessons, and from the third grade of elementary music school, they have group music in the form of chamber music, where they learn the basics of chamber music, and thus also prepare for orchestral music in an accordion orchestra.
After completing the six grades of elementary music school, students who show further interest and pass the entrance exam, have the opportunity to continue their musical education in secondary music school. The accordion is one of the most popular instruments today, which has existed in our school since its foundation. The harmonica is an instrument that, due to its technical and sound qualities, enables us to interpret music of almost all styles, from baroque to the latest contemporary trends.
The accordion is an instrument that is played everywhere in the world from Italy, Slovenia, Austria, Germany, France, Russia, Ukraine, England, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, America, Australia, China, Korea, Japan, BiH, Serbia, Macedonia, JAR...
The harmonica is an instrument that consists of three main parts - the treble (with keys or buttons), the bellows and the bass side. Apart from these basic parts, it is interesting to mention that the accordion, depending on the size of the instrument, has a different number of registers, which enable it to change different pitches and expand the spectrum of tone colors.
Cyrillus Demian, a Viennese instrument inventor, was the first to patent an instrument called the Accordion in 1829. From then until today, the harmonica has undergone many modifications, one of the most significant of which was the introduction of melodic basses, which significantly expanded the repertoire that can be performed on the harmonica.
The sound on the harmonica is obtained by simultaneously pressing the key and pulling the bellows. This means that the instrument belongs to the group of aerophone instruments, i.e. the group of instruments where the sound is created by the flow of air (apart from the harmonica, this group also includes wood and metal wind instruments, and the organ).